Cats are susceptible to a variety of cancers. Among the most common are lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma (skin cancer), mammary cancer, mast cell tumors, oral tumors, fibrosarcoma (soft tissue cancer) , osteosarcoma (bone cancer), respiratory carcinoma, intestinal adenocarcinoma, and pancreatic/liver adenocarcinoma. The disease has become so prevalent that it is now the most common cause of death in cats.
Certain breeds are more prone to certain cancers than others. Signs and symptoms differ depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Detection and diagnosis requires some detective work. Tumors that are visible and/or detectable by touch are most easily identified. Our Vets often perform additional tests to make an accurate diagnosis. Along with a physical exam, they may perform blood and urine tests, cytology, imaging and biopsies.
Treatment options vary and include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy, or a combination of these. In many cases, cancer can be successfully treated. Early detection and diagnosis is critical. Regular visits to the veterinarian can help prevent and manage cancer. Because the causes of cancer in cats are similar to those in humans, risk can be reduced by lowering the animal's exposure to harmful carcinogens, including tobacco smoke